Recent developments within molecular biology and genetic engineering have led to huge advances and changes within the biological sciences especially within the field of human genetics. Diagnostic Techniques in Genetics offers an important overview of how DNA or RNA technology may be applied to a large set of genetic diagnoses.
The first part of the book focuses on DNA/RNA applications and includes many of the latest developments in the field combined with routine procedures of genetic diagnoses, for example cloning and sequencing DNA. The DNA applications presented in the first chapter are then each applied to a specific kind of genetic diagnosis and the text concludes with a chapter devoted to population genetics.
First published in French by Dunod in 2002, this book is an excellent reference for students taking courses in molecular biology, medicine and medical genetics. It is also a useful introduction for postgraduate students and researchers in the field who require a general overview of genetic diagnoses.
List of Contributors.
1. Techniques and Tools in Molecular Biology Used in Genetic Diagnoses.
1.1 Nucleic acids.
1.2 The different types of genetic material studied.
1.3 The enzymatic tools for in vitro treatment of DNA.
1.4 DNA fragmentation and study of the fragments.
1.5 Selective amplification of a nucleotide sequence.
1.6 DNA fragment ligation: recombinant DNA and cloning.
1.7 DNA fragment sequencing.
1.8 Modification of the sequence of a DNA fragment: site-directed mutagenesis.
1.9 Molecular hybridization techniques and applications.
1.10 Other techniques to study allelic diversity.
2. The Diagnosis of Inherited Diseases.
2.2 Example diagnoses for autosomal diseases.
2.3 Example diagnoses for X-linked diseases.
2.4 Neurodegenerative diseases.
2.5 References and Bibliography.
3. Molecular Diagnosis in Oncology.
3.1 General introduction.
3.2 Cellular pathways targeted by the tumour process.
3.3 Types of genetic alteration leading to cancer.
3.4 Alteration origins: the role of the repair genes.
3.5 Benefits of molecular studies to patient healthcare.
3.6 Genetic predisposition to cancers.
3.7 Genetic tests for cancer predisposition.
3.8 Conclusions and perspectives.
4. Applications of Molecular Biology to Cytogenetics.
4.2 Molecular diagnosis of anomalies in the number of chromosomes.
4.3 Chromosomal microdeletions.
4.4 Uniparental disomies.
4.5 Conclusions and perspectives.
5. Screening and Identification of Pathogenic and Exogenic Agents.
5.1 Clinical virology.
5.2 Clinical bacteriology.
5.3 Detection of GMOs.
5.4 References and Bibliography.
6. Identification Using Genetic Fingerprints.
6.2 Genetic fingerprints by the analysis of nuclear DNA.
6.2.4 A special case: the Y chromosome sequence.
6.3 Genetic fingerprints with mitochondrial DNA.
6.4 Society facing the question of genetic fingerprint files.
7. Molecular Genetics and Populations.
7.1 Hardy–Weinberg equilibrium and measures of genetic diversity.
7.4 Diagnosis with genetic testing: cystic fibrosis – an academic case.
7.5 Gametic disequilibrium.
7.6 Reference and Bibliography.